A heat dissipation structure for an LED explosion-proof lamp includes an illumination module, a heat conduction disk, a window frame shell and a lamp set shell. The illumination module includes a base and at least one light-emitting diode. The heat conduction disk includes a plurality of installation holes. The window frame shell includes a light permeable portion, a window frame and a plurality of window frame connection holes. The lamp set shell includes a casing portion and a plurality of lamp set connection holes. Each compact member presses and holds the window frame shell and the lamp set shell. The heat conduction disk has a heat conduction zone formed on a projection location of the window frame shell and the lamp set shell, and a cooling zone encircled the heat conduction zone at an outer side to perform heat exchange with external air.